Looking at the night sky, the pattern of stars on the surface of the sky follows a familiar pattern. The Big Dipper, Cassiopeia, the Pleiades, or Orion are popular landmarks in the sky which we can immediatly recognize.
Different civilisations labelled these patterns using names such as constellations in the western world. However, this pattern is often the result of pure chance. Stars from one constellation belong often to remote areas in the universe and they bear this familiarity only because we always saw them as such; the rate at which stars move is much shorter than the lifespan of humanity.
I am curious here to study the density of stars as they appear on the surface of the sky. It is both a simple question yet a complex to formulate. Is there any generic principle that could be used to characterize their distribution? This is my attempt to answer the question
(but also to make the formulation of the question clearer...). This is my answer: