Implementing a retinotopic transform using
The grid_sample transform is a powerful function which allows to transform any input image into a new topology. It is notably used in Spatial Transformer Networks for instance to learn CNN to be invariant to affine transforms. We used it recently in a publication What You See Is What You Transform: Foveated Spatial Transformers as a Bio-Inspired Attention Mechanism by Ghassan Dabane et al.
The use of
grid_sample can b etedious and here, we show how to use it to create a log-polar transform of the image and create the following figure:
A picture (extract from the painting "The Ambassadors" by Hans Holbein the Younger can be represented on a regular grid represented by vertical (red) and horizontal (blue) lines. Retinotopy transforms this grid, and in particular the area representing the fovea (shaded gray) is over-represented. Applied to the original image of the portrait, the image is strongly distorted and represents more finally the parts under the axis of sight (here the mouth).